In the country there are more than two thousand of mineral and thermal springs. Many of them are located in the most popular among Russian tourists resort regions of Spain.
The country has a long tradition of balneal treatment. Here there are more than two thousand of mineral and thermal springs, many of which are located in the popular resorts. More than a hundred years in the country there is a National Association of thermal spas (Asociacion Nacional de Estaciones Termales / ANET).
Its functions include including the definition of the status of the resort’s spa, Thalasso, wellness and thermal. Health centers and hotels offer specialized care and treatment of the sea at all resort coasts of Spain. There is here, and such a direction as climatotherapy, ie the use of the medicinal properties of the climate resort.
What is the “Balneario”? In the understanding of «balneario» Spanish – is a health center with accommodation. We, perhaps, it will be a resort. In addition to the health centers, there are health centers that do not have a hotel base. But as a rule, not far from them there are hotels. Often, balneo-centers, hotels have to indicate in its title star level. For example, Cestona 3 * (Basque Country) means that there is a three-star hotel at the center.
One and the same health center may have several hotels of different categories.
For example, in the title Archena 4/3/2 * (Murcia) “encrypted”, that at the center there are three levels at 4, 3 and 2 stars, respectively. However, if a name is not attached sprocket center, it is not necessary that it has no hotel base.
Caldes de Montbui, located in the vicinity of Barcelona – the oldest resort town Katalonii.Osnovan he, of course, the Romans, although tribes Iberians used the local water long before the arrival of the conquerors. The city museum of thermal waters Thermalia told us that in those days there was not even like that of a Roman settlement, but the generals and centurions came here from Barcelona to relax. They relaxed and were treated in the baths, simultaneously with colleagues discussing political and commercial issues involved in sports, had dinner and visited the library.
Ancient Roman Baths, still dominant in the architectural appearance of the town – one of the few in Europe that have survived to the present day.
Baths Montbui best preserved structure of its kind in the whole Iberian Peninsula. Caldarium (hot water pool) dates from the first century BC. The town has preserved Roman baths and a sauna, but they are hidden on site. In the “golden age” of hydrotherapy, the second half of the XIX century and until the middle of the XX century, Caldes de Montbui was one of the most famous resorts in Europe, with nine elegant hotel equipped with the latest balneotherapy. Now 4 hotels work here.
Source hyperthermal sodium chloride and fluorine water in Caldes de Montbui is known not only for its medicinal properties: hydrates and nourishes the skin, heals the respiratory and rheumatic zabolevaniya.Istochnik known for very high temperature, which ranges from 73 to 78 degrees Celsius, but often lingers on 74 degrees.
“This is a hot spring in Spain and the second temperature in Europe,” – say in the museum. “This source is still the hottest source of flowing, more hot water were discovered during drilling for 2 000 years later,” – added to the Office of Tourism of Catalonia.
And he poured out of a stone lion’s mouth in the beautiful Fountain Lion – Font de Lleo, built in 1581 and partially preserved its original appearance. The area between the fountain and the Roman caldarium is very popular with locals in the winter, and not only because of the location around the bars. After all, there is always warm due to the hot water, which is collected and slowly percolates to the spring at a depth of a stone pavement. After the rain the area is completely dry for three minutes. In the town there is no general, the thermal resort has its own swimming pools in hotels.
From Monday to Friday, they usually settle retirees from Barcelona and other Catalan cities, arriving here to be treated for social programs. Other cultural and historic landmark of the city dates back to the end of the XIX century. In those years, public laundries were built throughout Spain. In the age of washing machines laundry Caldes de Montbui not only well preserved but also continues to function.
A century later, the tradition is preserved thanks to the inhabitants of the town: several older women every weekday come here to wash. Water in a special basin for washing, of course, the thermal. Flowing from the source to the laundry room, it cools. Ladies underwear immersed in water at 62 and 50 degrees. Students from the big cities come here on tour, to learn how to wash. Here they meet things that today’s younger generation seem strange: large chunks of natural olive soap, brushes otstiryvaniya spots float for coarse fabrics, curling linen and wicker baskets for carrying it.
By the way, before such baskets were made right here in Caldes de Montbui: vine slurried in line with the hot stream and then wove her sitting on the warm stones of the main square. There’s even a specially made huge baskets for sale in the port of Barcelona, located 35 km from here. Fully preserved old laundry – a unique case in Catalonia. Residents of the town is partly preserved and former way of life. Historic image of the town is conserved in many other types of buildings: residential buildings, hotels, a medieval city wall and the Church of St. Mary. Now Caldes de Montbui has 17 thousand inhabitants and annually, museum statistics, serves more than 28 thousand. Tourists. People visiting spas even more.
However, local hot some water enough not only for medicinal and cultural purposes. Water is collected in special tanks and used for watering gardens – on healing minerals, plants grow better. Especially famous local white beans.
The next stop of our trip was the resort of La Garriga, 25 km from Barcelona. He, like most of the thermal zones of Catalonia, is located along a straight line, which can draw a map of Tarragona Girona. This deep tectonic fault line in the earth’s crust through which the heated water in the interior, under the pressure rises to the surface, along the way becoming saturated rock minerals.
Healing waters of La Garriga – thermal (56 ° C) sodium chloride containing silicon, fluorine, and lithium. According to gerontologists, silicon – is a powerful geroprotector, and its beneficial effects on the skin has long been used in the cosmetic industry. The hotel is a small resort town of much beauty and anti-stress programs. The waters are effective for joint pain, which probably explains its popularity since the Roman Empire.
Resort Renaissance began in the middle of the XV, when the hospital on the hot water was built. Who here likes to relax the King of Spain. Our group stopped in the thermal center of the cozy Hotel Termes de La Garriga, built in 1874 in the elegant eclectic style and completely renovated in 2004.
A small hotel has its own thermal spring. It is hidden from prying eyes in the courtyard surrounded by flowers and green grass. Here you can soak up the sun on a lounger by the thermal swimming pool, lie down on the warm stone couches, heated with hot water, walk on the rocks in the cold water bowl and drink herbal infusion in a cafe on the terrace.
Everyone here keeps the spirit of the fashionable resort of the XIX century, but the level of comfort and equipment meet modern medical center Spa Hotel. After a visit to the indoor thermal swimming pool and sauna, you can go to the treatment rooms. Apart from the usual procedures:. Stone therapy, aromatherapy and vacuum massage, Vichy shower and Charcot, a variety of baths, etc., is apply the latest methods of cosmetic and aesthetic medicine. For example, rejuvenating mask gold face. The cost of this procedure – 139 euros.
Montbrio del Camp
The third resort of our trip – Montbrio del Camp is located on the Costa Dorada. Stylized under Art Hotel Termes Montbrio Spa, Ressort & Park with a magnificent park of tropical plants connected by a covered walkway to the thermal center Aquatonis.
You can not only relax in the pool with a sodium chloride water, rich in bicarbonate and sulfate ions, calcium, magnesium, lithium and potassium with water, but pass all the “circles” of wellness: from the Roman baths and saunas to hot tub, hydromassage cascades and jets, and in fabulous interiors.
Small pool which receives hot water directly from the source, hidden in the man-made cave labyrinth. Properly progress on the hinged bridge you can go to a cold font, there to walk through the stone pebbles and stand under the icy flow of underground waterfall.
The extensive hotel park is also full of fantastic landscapes: streams, fountains, waterfalls, stylized antique buildings and paths paved with a mosaic of sea stones.
Attraction of the park – a monument of dowsers, who found an underground source. The park also has a beach, even though it is located 6 km from the sea.
Costa Brava and Costa del Maresme
On the Costa del Maresme spa center are mostly at some distance from the sea. Many of them are located in the vicinity of Girona. For example, the small town of Caldes de Malavella (5.6 ths. Inhabitants), built at the source of healing hot waters, located about halfway between Girona and the coast.
It perfectly preserved Roman baths, which declared a historical monument of national importance. The city has several resort hotels and three factories for bottling water (Sant Narcis, Vichy Catalan and Aigua de Malavella). Local thermal water (on average 60 ° C) drink for rheumatism, metabolic disorders, dental disease, they are filled pools.
Balneological center Vichy Catalan 3 *, located on the Costa Brava, 20 km from Girona, built in the style of “arabesque” in fanciful murals combine images of fantastic plants and animals.
In the northeast of Catalonia, at the foot of the spurs of the Pyrenees near Figueres is a small resort village of Peralada (Peralada). It positions itself as an exclusive resort, attracting the attention of VIP-clients, the services which are offered luxurious resort Hotel Golf & Wine Spa Peralada, several prestigious restaurants, a golf club “Peralada” and the casino in the castle “Peralada”.
Peralada – one of the many centers of the Catalan wine. Hotel Golf & Wine Spa Peralada is famous center of wine therapy Wine Spa. It offers treatments based on grapes and wine: grape seeds peeling, wraps, wine bath, hydromassage with wine, massage with grape skins. Produced and grape cosmetics.
Here you can walk through “health route”, prescribed by the Roman patricians famous physician Asclepius, who said that patients should be treated “painless, fast and pleasant.” The Roman Baths “route” began with palaestras – athletic activities.
Caldes d’Estrac (Caldes d’Estrac) – a picturesque coastal village 39 km away from Barcelona on the Costa del Maresme. The resort has gained popularity due to the source of thermal water gushing out of the rock. The local thermal hotels Balneari Titus, Banos Termales de Caldes d’Estrac Hotel Colon and used thermal water temperature of 39 ° C.
Hotel Colon – the only hotel on the coast of Catalonia, where for the recovery of water used as thermal springs and sea water (thalassotherapy). In five or six kilometers to the north along the coast is another thermal spa – Arenys de Mar. This port city, the most significant in the Maresme region. There is a popular year-round spa center Titus 3 * for up to 60 guests.
The last noteworthy located on its territory a unique water park recreation L’Aquatonic (more than 1000 sq. M of water surface), the owner of one of the most prestigious awards in the field of cosmetology Professional Spa Magazine in the category The Best European Spa & Resort Hotel.
Remarkable hotel complex Estival Park in La Pineda, consisting of hotel, apartments for a family holiday, the club for exclusive clients and health center Spa Estival, where, among other things, offers trendy and winespa-procedure.
Provided Hotel Ra Beach Thalasso Spa in the town of El Vendrell (El Vendrell). Built in Moorish style in a historic building 300 m beautifully inscribed in the landscape fishing village of Ca Salvador, which in fact has become a part of the resort.
The water used in the hotel, the concentration of iodine is ten times above average concentration of iodine in seawater. 6 km from the Costa Dorada is a small settlement of Montbrio del Camp, has long been known for its healing terms.
Canary Islands – one of the oldest areas in the field of health tourism.
As noted in historical documents (especially the British), in the last decades of the XIX century. on the island comes a huge number of foreigners who were attracted besides the favorable climate, the sea and the sun the opportunity to improve their health.
On the Canary Islands for over fifty hotels and apartments, offering wellness treatments, which is more than 10 thousand. Accommodation places. Of the seven islands of the Canary archipelago in the Russian tourists are the most popular Tenerife and Gran Canaria.
Most of the thermal spas of the region is located in Granada (about 10), in particular in the municipalities of Guadix and the Alhambra and its surroundings.
We can say that from here began to develop a local wellness. Thalassotherapy centers in hotels generally located in Malaga.
Spa center in the region are located in Granada, Malaga, Jaen, Almeria, Cadiz. Not all centers are open all year round.
Costa del Sol
In recent years, on the Costa del Sol has added more than 20 hotels with a spa and wellness centers. For example, five kilometers from Marbella, is a beach hotel Agh Estepona.
Here, six pools (including a swimming pool with artificial waves), Jacuzzi with artificial salt water, Turkish bath, sauna, beauty treatment rooms, Vic
hy shower, massages. A very wide range of services in the hotel “Incosol Hotel Medical Spa”. Here, 20 massage rooms (10 of them – for underwater massage).
Hotel Staff offer 12 types of massage, 15 types of body treatments, 34 types of cosmetic programs (anti-aging, vitamin, for sensitive skin, moisturizing, local treatments for the neck, around the eyes, tattoo eyebrows, and more).
located hotel “Hotel Selenza Thalasso-Wellness” between Marbella and Estepona. It offers thalassotherapy sessions osteopathic treatment, peeling shower, bath Kneipp, massages (including the newest system for underwater massage “Niagara Bath”), pressotherapy, mud …
There are about 120 mineral springs. In Valencia, thermal station, built in the XIX century. (Eg, Monlleo en Villavieja in Castellón or center Fuentecaliente en Chulilla Valencia), side by side with modern thalassotherapy centers and fine salons spa treatments.
In the Valencian Community there are about 30 centers, covering the health tourism sector: Alicante, Castellón and Valencia province.
Spa in the fresh water. In addition to thermal spas and thalassotherapy centers, visitors can visit the Valencian Community in the resorts, which offers health and beauty treatments are also not using the marine and fresh water. In these centers focuses on cosmetology and relaxation.
Thermal spa center.
This is mainly reconstructed and updated old institution where used healing mineral water from local sources for the prevention and treatment of several diseases of the musculoskeletal system, respiratory system, digestive system. High demand and aesthetic cosmetology.
Feature Valencian thermal spas that in addition to general procedures, many of them offer any its exclusive therapeutic program depending on the composition of the water.
For example, water Verche thermal station in the town of Calles (Valencia) is particularly effective for skin care and its treatment. Water hydrotherapy “Montanejos” Center (Castellón) used for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases.